Thursday, 15 April 2021

Basic Ground Cover

Despite rather cold weather in Denmark for the season the colour of the landscape is changing. At least on my small 1/19 scale layout. I have begun to cover the white foam surface with a layer of disposable kitchen rags soaked in white glue. 

The right end of the layout dressed in kitchen rags and paint. I think it will help make the layout look a little less unfinished.

I have picked up the method of using kitchen rags from a Danish model railway club working on a large H0 layout with a Danish theme. They have a nice blog in Danish, where they share the daily life of building, maintaning and running a large layout. Soaked in glue the kitchen rags are flexible and easily follow the contours of the foam landscape (hardly a surprise, as most of my layout is basically flat).

Two pieces of kitchen rag being cut to fit. The material takes pencil lines fine and cuts easily with scissors. Being absorbant the rags consumes considerable amounts of glue.

Before I cover the foam foundation with rags I roughly smooth out the worst edges of cork underlay and foam board, used to raise the track, with a knife. Where needed I apply a little filler. I then place a dry rag over the area and marks out the boundaries with a pencil. I cut the rag with a pair of sicssors and check for fit on the area to be covered. The area is then covered with diluted white glue and the rag placed on top. More glue is spread over the rag with a brush making sure the rag is flooded with thinned glue. The area is left to dry.

Once the glue is set, the kitchen rags turns into a rather hard surface that I hope will make a good foundation for my work on the next stage of scenic work. As my kitchen rags had several rather harsh colours a coat of paint was definately needed before proceeding. I used an acrylic paint with a colour named 'Warm Clay' that I think gives a nice even colour to work on. And until I get to do further scenic work, the colour will help the layout looking a little less unfinished. 

Rags in white and light blue glued down and in the process of drying. The hole edged by scrap pieces of foam board is the permanent location for the brick shed. The hole enables me to connect wires for lighting with ease,

Thursday, 8 April 2021

Turnout and Curve

With the first track and turnout already in limited operation (due to a lack of fishplates) I have continued track laying and now the first curve I've ever hand laid in 16 mm scale and second turnout are available for traffic at reduced speeds. 

A close up view of the track at Nystrup Gravel facilities outside Nystrup. It does look rather fancy and has perhaps turned out a bit too perfect. On close inspection I think the track team will have to go over some of the spikes again as they are not holding the rail's foot properly.

The curve is built with a slight enlargement of the gauge, but otherwise I have tried to make a faithful representation of a real narrow gauge industrial railway curve. There is of course no superelevation and the rails are shaped roughly by hand to suit the location. Bending the rails by hand isn't recommendable in the smaller scales as it may lead to pronounced kinks in the rails, but this is actually a benefit on a large scale model of a narrow gauge industrial railway. Often rails were reused from other locations and as the locos and rolling stock was designed with tolerances for bad track, a track out of gauge by a few centimetres wasn't a problem. In 16 mm scale it's basically the same, although we are talking milimetres.

To produce a nice curved rail with a rail bender takes a lot of bending and hard work. A very good result can be achieved. It takes care and a lot of bends. Most industrial railways didn't aim for high quality track and were happy if trains didn't derail too often.

From the curve the track connects to the turnout, that takes the track to either lorry loading ramp (left) or to the sorting facility (straight ahead). The turnout is again a Peco Code 200 rebuilt with brass slide plates and wooden sleepers.

Rebuilt Peco turnout partly fitted with new wooden sleepers. A sharp curve will lead to the lorry loading ramp out of the picture to the right.

Further track building in progress. Here I'm aiming for a serious kink in the track.

As the track building is slowly progressing I'm beginning to prepare the basic groundwork and final positioning of brick shed, petrol pump and a recently finished wooden fence.

I'll finish this post with a look at a real 700 mm gauge clay line belonging to the Danish brick works at Lysbro. The Nystrup Gravel track was almost TGV-standard in comparison with this! The standard gauge train is an enthusiasts' special on the Silkeborg-Kjellerup-Rødkjærsbro Railway. Photo: Finn Sørensen, 1968.

Tuesday, 6 April 2021

Installing Point Lever

With track works progressing in a steady pace, I took the time to finish, paint and install the first point lever on my little layout. The lever has been tested and 'greased' with a little graphite powder to provide a faultless service. The lever's direction marker is working and gives a clear indication to loco drivers which way the point is set. 

The point lever mounted on its lengthened sleeper with direction marker.

The point lever is assembled from a Feld-, Garten- und Grossbahn whitemetal kit in 1/22,5 scale. The lever was assembled back in October and has been resting in a box until I couldn't resist painting and installing it any longer.

The lever was painted Humbrol enamel 153 'Insignia Red', while the white parts were painted with Vallejo 70837 'Pale Sand'. During painting I took care not to clog up the moving parts to allow a trouble free operation. The 4 bolts fixing the lever to the sleeper were painted rust and the point lever given a wash of heavily diluted rawt umber oil paint. The moving parts were given a dose of graphite powder. Mainly to 'grease' the parts, but it works as weathering too - looking like oil residue.

The assembled point lever being painted. The parts of another lever are being painted as the brush was out and the lid was off the paint tinlet.

The lever is mounted on a lengthened sleeper with an added piece of timber to provide a safe foundation and connected to the turnout with a bent nickle silver wire. The wire was blackened with Ballistol and is only fitted temporarily as a more prototypically solution is called for. I used thick AC-glue to fix the lever firmly to its sleeper.

Almost the only fixed item on the layout beside the track, the point lever will hopefully be followed by other items in the coming months.

Nystrup Gravel's second turnout has recently been fixed in place and connected to the track layout, so the next lever is needed. Track building is continuing, but will soon have to pause until a new supply of rails arrive.

Tuesday, 23 March 2021

Charming Train Of Skips

It probably comes as no surprise that I find the image below extremely charming and inspirational. A short train of 5 skips, a rugged 600 mm gauge industrial locomotive, rolling hills and a quiet fjord in the background. The image is a lovely view of a small enterprise extracting fine grade sand for metal casting purposes placed in a tranquil landscape.

A Pedershaab-locomotive, 5 skips and two workers on their way from pit to the sand treatment facilities at Ørbyhage. There doesn't seem to be any crops on the fields, though most of the trees have leaves. Perhaps it's spring - early May? Photo: Crop from Royal Danish Library image OD00406_003 from 1951. 

Here you get the full picture. A classic aerial shot of a Danish farm. A dog barking in the front yard and the farmer's wife standing in the doorway gazing at the low flying plane. The sand treating facility can be seen to the far right. Photo: Royal Danish Library OD00406_003 from 1951. 

The image is a good illustration of the Danish economy before industry took over the leading role. The farmers' fields points to agriculture's major role in Denmark's economy until the 1960's and the water to my country's long time history of shipping and trading. In fact even today Denmark is the world’s fifth largest maritime shipping nation – Danish shipping companies around the world controlling approximately 2,100 merchant ships

Almost the same view as above only 2 years later looking more or less directly south. The sand works' pier for loading the sand in barges and small ships is visible in the fjord. Photo: Royal Danish Library AAL_00113_024 from 1953.

Many years after the aerial photos were taken, I visited the location with a friend. At the end of the narrow road the sand works were still standing, although they were completly derelict and overgrown. Beneath shrubbery and caved in buildings we found track, skips and a locomotive. The pier for loading barges and small ships had long since been removed or destroyed by ice and a turnout was hanging precariously over the water's edge. Current sattelite images of the site show ruins still in place with a single new barn having been erected by a neighbouring farmer in addition.

A look into the wooden loco shed that hasn't stood up well to 30-40 years without maintenance. The loco inside wasn't made by any major producer of industrial locomotives and seems to have been built by a local black smith or garage. In 1990 I was a young, poor student and using 35 mm film, I have only a few pictures from the site. Today I would probably have shot 70 digital images - minimum. 

Friday, 12 March 2021

Pedershaab Axle Boxes and Maker's Plate

In my last post on the Pedershaab-loco I mentioned the drawing and design work being performed for me by a professional railway modelling supplier. Now I have taken delivery of 4 complete axle box units each consisting of 4 separate parts printed in a clear semi-translucent plastic. The results are no less than impressing - to my eyes at least.

Close up of a complete axle box assembly made up from parts directly out of the printer. The items have had no clean up or sanding whatsoever. 

View of the complete order as delivered right out of the bubble wrap. The material is a semi-translucent plastic with a certain flexibility providing vulnerable parts a good chance of surviving the rigours of distribution.

The axle box assemblies are without a doubt the most complex parts on a model of a Pedershaab locomotive, and it is a joy to receive parts in such a high quality literally ready for use. My investment has been modest in relation to the quality of the prints. No matter how long and intensely I worked at the worktable I couldn't hope to produce parts of the same quality. The images should speak for the quality and make it clear that, although having known designer and draughtsman Per Møller Nielsen from Epokemodeller for many years, I'm not giving unsubstantiated praise to his service. 

A distinct advantage of design in the digital age is the ease with which drawings and designs can be shared and commented. Particularly when living in a country where 94 percent of homes are connected to broadband with download speeds of at least 100 Mbit/s.

In my last post I also mentioned a possible Pedershaab-surprise and I have added an image of it below: A brand new works plate for a Pedershaab locomotive. The plate was developed due to a friend of mine celebrating his 50. birthday. He is in the process of restoring a Pedershaab locomotive to running condition. The perfect gift for a man having pretty much everything is of course two new works plates for his locomotive. The loco was found without plates and once the right digits and letters have been stamped into the metal, the plates will make a perfect 'icing on the cake' for a well restored Danish-built locomotive. I wouldn't be surprised to see an equally detailed 1/19 version in the future.
Etched works plate from Pedershaab made on the basis of a scan of an original plate. An exclusive, limited series was produced and serious enquiries for obtaining a set of plates can be e-mailed to

Sunday, 7 March 2021

Pedershaab Progress

As I mentioned in December, I finally got time for further work on my Pedershaab-locomotive project. I found full scale size axle boxes, springs and other parts from a Pedershaab-locomotive and measured them. Measurements and photographs were e-mailed to a friend of mine with his own part time modelling business Epokemodeller. He was willing to help me transforming notes and images to actual scale objects. I have tried to illustrate the process from measuring, over drawings to ready-to-print file with four images.

Taking measurements of a spare Pedershaab axle box at the Hedeland vintage railway.

The first drawing of a complete axle box assembly from a Pedershaab D-type from the 1940's. Drawing: Epokemodeller, Per Møller Nielsen.

3D-illustration of the parts' relation in the completed axle box assembly. Drawing: Epokemodeller, Per Møller Nielsen.

Four axle box assemblies set up for 3D-printing ready to be sent to the printer. Drawing: Epokemodeller, Per Møller Nielsen. 

Why not just build the axle boxes in an old fashioned way from plasticcard and brass strip? Well, I didn't really fancy making four exactly identical objects, and as I have previously built 8 Pedershaab axle box assemblies in 1:35 scale I felt like having exhausted my motivation for the task. With the external help I am even able to have further copies made should I decide to build another Pedershaab in 1/19 - or in any other scale for that matter.

Talking of the external help: While I did pay a sum of money for design and prints, I'm quite sure I wasn't charged the amount that would be required to cover my friend's full outlay of time, effort and talent. Something a lot of good hearted and enthusiastic semi-professional suppliers to the model railway trade are guilty of - making their trade a dangerous undertaking. Remember that no one's time and talent are free when they work as professionals. If you want their services available tomorrow, you have to pay for it today.  

I'm now looking forward to receive the printed parts and get on with building my Pedershaab locomotive. Perhaps a little Pedershaab surprise could be unveiled at the same time?

Thursday, 4 March 2021

New Locomotive

Recently a new locomotive arrived at my doorstep. An Accucraft Baguley-Drewry with 32mm gauge fit for service on the little railway of Nystrup Gravel. The loco came to Denmark due to a relatively good bargain on eBay. My shopping was highly motivated by my recent discovery of a 1949 Baguley-Drewry delivered to the 700 mm gauge sugar beet lines around the sugar factory in Saxkøbing. Later a full story will run through the indicative evidence for Sakskøbing loco E 2 (the same designation later to be used for a Danish built dieselelectric loco from Frichs).

My new Baguley-Drewry on the photo plank. There are several issues to be handled: loose and badly fitting glazing and couplings quite unfit for small skips. Most importantly is a conversion to battery and remote control.

A very large loco in comparison with a standard skip. The loco is a perfect machine for a future garden line, though, particularly in Sakskøbing's attractive livery of off-white body, light blue frames and handrails with the added attraction of red warning lights arranged in a triangle on the cab sides.

Extra details and parts for the loco are already arriving to go into storage, waiting for the Baguley-Drewry loco to appear on the worktable. Several projects have a higher priority so don't hold your breath!

Saturday, 27 February 2021

Track Works 1:1 Scale #2

Building one's own track naturally makes one curious as to how it was done on real narrow gauge industrial railways. In my last post about real narrow gauge industrial railway track building, I mentioned that the majority of Danish narrow gauge industrial railways saw very limited track works once built. One particular type of industrial railway in contrast, saw repeated laying, dismantling and relaying on a very large scale. In fact the whole rationale behind this type of railway was its ease of constant relaying. The marl transporting lines were supplying the chalk rich marl to farmers' fields in large parts of Denmark between the beginning of the 20th century until the 1930's. The marl was spread on the fields to improve the soil's productive qualities for farming.

Track laying with the help of (the so far) only known narrow gauge track building machine in Denmark. Timeframe probably 1928-1932. The loco is O&K 6283/1913 with 750 mm gauge known as 'The Flying Dutchman'. Thanks to Danish industrial loco expert Bent Hansen for identifying the loco. Image: Jerslev Sogns Lokalhistoriske Forening, B607.

Rather than rely on manual labour for the constant moving of track panels, one marl company used a specially designed and built tracklaying device to ease the burden for the track workers. The above image is the only known photograph of the device. The contraption is obviously based on a long, turning steel profile mounted in a 'turret' on a small wagon or a pair of skip frames. It's equipped with a counter weight to enable a track panel to be picked up with chains from behind the device, swung to the side and propelled forward along the profile, reaching in front of the track. Working from this principle the device could lay as well as pick up track panels, making the process of reaching the farmers' field with the marl much easier than with a purely manual handling of the track panels.

Wednesday, 17 February 2021

Chief Mechanic Thorleif Petersen

Thorleif Petersen was chief mechanic and workshop manager at Nystrup Gravel in the 1940's to well into the late 1950's. Now he is once again keeping a watchful eye on all things mechanical at the gravel company, only in 1/19 scale. He is a 3D-printed figure from Modelu, item 1446 sold as 'Fitter with tea'. 

My interpretation of Thorleif Petersen, workshop manager at Nystrup Gravel here seen standing in front of the petrol pump.

Born in Copenhagen and trained as a mechanic at the Burmeister & Wain shipyard, Thorleif went to fight in the Spanish civil war as a volunteer. Upon his return to Denmark he looked for employment away from the capital and began working for Nystrup Gravel. He kept his socialist preferences and was part of a communist resistance group during the German occupation between 1940-1945. He and his group conducted small scale sabotage against the Germans around Nystrup. They even teamed up with a conservative resistance group and built the largest home made armoured car used during the liberation.

Modelu figure 1446 in a computerized illustration. I like the relaxed stance, coffee cup in one hand and the other in the pocket. Photo: Modelu website.

Modelu's figure is of the usual quality needing very careful painting to do satisfactory service in my 1/19 scale world. Where details were soft or lacking I tried to add them with files, sandpaper and a sharp scalpel. I mostly worked on the line between shoes and trousers that was very weakly defined.  Basically the work was no different to the work I did on my first Modelu figure back in 2018. Where weak definition of detail coulden't be fixed with hand tools alone, I tried to fix things with paint. My Thorleif-figure is painted in Vallejo Acrylic 963 'Medium Blue' for the overall, 70983 'Flat Earth' for the trousers and 860 'Medium Flesh' for the skin areas. Shirt is white, shoes dark brown and his cloth cap a home mixed light grey-brown. Folds in clothing were accentuated with a darkened colour in the bottom of the fold and a lightened colour on top of the fold.

Figure just out of the package and set up on the photo plank.

On the work table after treatment with files and scalpel. Three buttons fitted to the overall from thin plasticcard. Before being primed the figure was washed in warm water and allowed to fully dry.

After a thin layer of black primer, the main colours have been brushed on. A lot of work still remain.

The final brush strokes have been added. After a layer of matt varnish I added some general dirt, dust and oily spots to overall and boots. I'm no Claudia Everett-like master figure painter, but placed in the shadow of a building in the background I'm sure the figure will add some life to my little layout.

Thorleif Petersen was instrumental in keeping the gravel company's production running through the difficult years during the occupation, as well as the years immediately after. Somewhat paradoxically he made it possible for Nystrup Gravel to provide large amounts of gravel for the German airforce's huge air field, while he was also actively restisting the occupants. Always a loyal employee, he used his knowledge to help Nystrup Gravel to aquire all sorts of mechanical equipment cheaply. 

"Did you remember to oil the chain drive?" Always observant to correct maintenance and proper use of machinery, Thorleif spared no effort to instruct employees. Not all of them were used to treat equipment with care.

After the war, many from Thorleif's German network rose to management roles in the Soviet occupation zone in Germany - later to become the Deutsche Demokratische Republik. He attended several political schools in DDR and took engineering courses in Karl Marx Stadt as well. The Soviet invasion in Hungary in 1956 made Thorleif leave the communist party, but he remained firmly devoted to socialist values.

The early spring sun is casting long shadows on the brick shed, while Thorleif and worker Kjeld Hansen admires a Vespa poster - and the bikini clad driver. Thorleif was a devoted coffee drinker, seldom seen without his green enamel cup in hand.

Many years after his death Thorleif continues to inspire my modelling. His family has kindly handed over a stream of documents, photographs and items originating from Nystrup Gravel. Some of the information has been truely revolutionary in the way it has helped write small scale Danish industrial railway history.

Friday, 12 February 2021

Electric Train Service Erratic

New sign in the collection comes in very handy, as the current track work is making train services somewhat irregular at Nystrup Gravel.

Old sign from The Danish State Railways saying 'The electric train service is erratic'. 

Tuesday, 9 February 2021

Track Plan

Despite having had two posts lately about my track building, I haven't revealed the track plan for my small Nystrup Gravel layout. 1/19 scale requires a lot of space and consequently the track plan is extremely simple.

A simple pencilled sketch of the track plan with a few major objects inserted.

The line from the gravel pits enter at right. Loaded trains are taken through the relief building to be emptied, the gravel sorted and treated. Gravel for lorry transport is taken by skips to the loading ramp. As the layout is currently positioned, running will only be possible on the visible tracks as there is no room for fiddle yard tracks in either end of the module. In the future a move to another room in the house may be a possibility, and that will enable both enlargement of the layout and installing fiddle yards.

Back in 2019 I published a hand drawn map of the Nystrup Gravel lines from the gravel sorting facility in Nystrup to pits located to the east of the town. The map may help to get an idea of the scale and operation of the gravel line.

The track plan is a destilate of the real Nystrup Gravel facility in Nystrup. It too was streched out over some distance with the lorry loading ramp at an angle. I will never be able to recreate the number of tracks and every building from the prototype in 1/19 scale. A few tracks and some structures are fine, though. I've never been a fast modeller, and having a large layout has never appealed to me.

Here is a photo of the layout in its current state. It should help to interpret the track plan.

Friday, 5 February 2021

Turnout and More Track

Next stage in track building for the Nystrup Gravel layout has been accomplished. The track that in daily use among the workers was called 'straight ahead' and used for storing surplus skips, has almost been finished as far as track laying concerns. I still need to solder on etched fish plates, but can't find my fancy folding tool needed to make the necessary bends to the fish plates.

Model track just as uneven as I aimed for. Sidings at the gravel sorting and lorry loading area in Nystrup wasn't maintained unless skips and locomotives began to derail.

After having made the first length of track in January, I carried on adjusting and connecting the Peco turnout. To make the turnout fit my primitive industrial line a little better, I replaced the switching mechanism with a simple piece of brass soldered to each tongue connected to the point lever with a piece of heavy NS wire. The original Peco plastic sleepers in the tongue section of the turnout were removed and replaced with wooden sleepers fitted to home made slide chairs from brass soldered to the stock rails.

The toe end of my rebuilt Peco turnout with rail ends masked before a quick blast of black primer from a rattle can.

With the turnout positioned and spiked, I fitted the long sleeper to hold the point lever. With a length of heavy NS wire I made a connecting rod from point lever to the tie bar. It turned out that I needed to do some resoldering of the tie bar to obtain the right amount of throw. The point lever still needs some final adjustments and painting before it can be fitted to its sleeper and connected to the turnout.

Sleepers and rails positioned with track gauges ready for the last half hour of spiking before the job is done.

Once the turnout was spiked I added further sleepers for the track nearest the baseboard edge. The sleepers were laid out with my sleeper spacing wooden block, their positions marked with a pencil and the sleepers fixed to the cork trackbed with white glue. I tried to represent a rather neglected siding with kinks and uneveness and I also added two fence post-type sleepers to create variety. 

Using the best parts of discarded sleepers to create new ones. Well, not quite new ones, but usable ones. With inspiration from 'Feldbahnen' by Paul Roloff I have built a few of these into my track.

With blue sky, sun and a nice covering of snow in the garden, I took the module outside on a pair of trestles for a short photography session. The large models in 1:19 scale benefits from the natural light and I don't have to worry about setting up artificial light.


Short video of the first test run on my newly finished track.

The garden is covered in snow and the module is also mostly white. I hope to see the layout covered in a new colour as spring arrives.

There is more track laying on the programme for me during Feburary, but I have also planned some work on a new figure that needs a bit of clean up and painting.

Tuesday, 26 January 2021

Track Works 1:1 Scale #1

 As the first rails have been spiked on the small Nystrup Gravel layout, I tried to find images of track works on a real Danish narrow gauge industrial railway. Not an easy task, as it seems to have been a type of activity not considered particularly photogenic.

A team of six workers at the Funder Skovhuse brick works building and adjusting track. Notice spare track and a wagon turntable in the left background. Sleepers are a charming variety of what seems to range from cut down standard gauge sleepers to fence posts. Probably 1930-1940. Photo: Silkeborg Arkiv, B20167. 

Track laying and maintenance on most Danish narrow gauge industrial railways was a simple matter: if the train stayed on the track, the track was considered fine. Only when derailments became too frequent, track would be repaired. The track layout would usually change very little at most industries. Only in the gravel pit, stone quarry or peat harvesting area, track would be moved regularly as raw material was quarried and transported away.

Aerial image of Funder Skovby brick works. The ramp for the track to the clay mixing facility can be seen cutting through one of the drying sheds in the centre of the image. There is evidence of old clay pist to the left. Clay extraction at the time of photography seems to happen on the north side of the road crossing diagonally from top right. Photo: Royal Air Force, 1954. 

Sunday, 24 January 2021

Track Building Started

The first lengths of rails have finally been laid on the 16 mm scale Nystrup Gravel layout. It has taken far too long, but now the track is down and working, although it is only a very short length.

The first length of track spiked on the Nystrup Gravel layout.

The Peco Code 143 rail is 3,5 mm in height, corresponding to a ca 10-12 kg/m prototype rail. I have laid the sleepers with a scale 60 cm between centres. With 10-12 kg/m rail the track is fit for an axle loading of 2-2,5 tons with a good margin for heavier loads. It's not my intention to employ locos or wagons that will place much higher loadings on the track, though.

My track has been designed and reality checked with real industrial railway practice. I've used rail manufacturers' track manuals and the 'Industrial Railway 101' standard reference work 'Feldbahnen' by Paul Roloff, first published in 1950. The book is a practical guide for track foremen, contractors and planners helping them build, maintain and run narrow gauge industrial railways in an effecient and profitable way. 

'Feldbahnen' written and compiled by Baumeister, Paul Roloff. A helpfull companion for any enterprising track foreman.

For track building I made three wooden track gauges reminiscent of the ones used on real narrow gauge industrial railways: a lenght of wood matching the gauge nailed to a piece of wood wider than the gauge to lay on top of the rail heads. Simple, easy to manufacture and fast when in use by the track workers.

Track gauge as illustrated in 'Feldbahnen'. A simple construction to keep the track in gauge during spiking.

My track gauges from wood and the gauge for keeping the right sleeper spacing.

Track gauges in use. The dress maker's pins keep the track in position during spiking.

The spacing between the sleepers is set by a 30 mm wide wooden block made from 3 pieces of old fireworks rocket sticks picked up after the new years celebrations. An easy and cheap supply of wood (as long as fireworks rockets are allowed). The sleepers are placed with the assistance of the guide block, their positions marked with a pencil, glue applied and the sleepers permanently fixed to the cork trackbed.

To avoid the rail ends at the module end being damaged during handling the module, I soldered the rail ends to brass screws firmly embedded into the module end. On my old 1:35 scale modules this method ensured easy alignment of track when setting up modules and a solid construction, keeping the track safe during transport, handling and setting up.

I will be using the Peco SM-32 Code 200 small radius turnouts I bought for test purposes. They will be rebuilt a little to fit into the Nystrup Gravel track and make them connect to the Code 143 rails.