Thursday, 4 August 2022

Citroen HY

Observant and knowledgeable readers must have wondered why I haven't had a model of the iconic Citroen HY on the Nystrup Gravel layout, particularly because I have several other French cars on my model railway. It has not been for lack of trying and after several years of hunting I'm finally in possession of a silvergrey HY. I did have to accept a compromise thoug, as the van is in 1/21 scale rather than the usual car scale of 1/18. My model will later get the usual treatment of detail painting, adding of Danish markings, license plates and moderate weathering.

Left side of my new HY-model. Classic lines and looking pretty much like the prototype van.

The model is a Solido 1/21 Citroen HY 1962 model with short wheelbase and short body overhang - exactly the type I was after. Most available HY models in my scale are 1969 models with one-piece windscreen or 1963 models covered in advertising markings. On top of the model being the right type, I even managed to acquire the model for an attractive price as its box was damaged. This isn't the first time I have won online auctions because collectors aren't interested in models with faulty or missing original boxes. I just need the car inside!

The split windscreen is a definate give-away for a pre-1963 HY. Does the van seem a little under-size comppared to a 1/19 figure? See below for scale measurements.

The top part of the rear door opens to provide a view of the cargo area fitted with 8 seats along the sides. The left rear wheel have suffered some damage and I will have to do a little work to persuade the wheel into a more realistic angle. 

Both front doors on the model opens. They are of the classic suicide door-type, that one should be careful not to open while the car was in motion.

With the scale of 1/21 printed on the underside of the model I took a few measurements to establish the degree of conflict with 1/19 scale that I'm modelling in. The Modelu figure in the images aboveis 91 mm in height corresponding to 172 cm in real life. (The average Danish male was 173,9 cm in height when conscripted into the military in 1949).

The wheelbase of a short wheelbase HY is 2558 mm. On the model the wheelbase is correct for 1/21 scale (121 mm) while it should be 134 mm in 1/19. The height of the van's vertical side is 1545 mm which I measured as 81 mm on the actual model - correct for 1/19 but a little on the large side for 1/21 scale. The sliding door height is also correct for 1/19 scale. The backdoor width of 1310 mm is 64 mm on the model which is slightly larger than correct 1/21 scale but a little too small for a correct 1/19 width of 68 mm. The same goes for the width of the van - a little too large for 1/21 and a little too small for 1/19.

I draw the conclusion that the van is a bit too small length- and widthwise for 1/19 scale but spot on the prototype measurements for two major height defining objects. The model fit within the rather generous envelope of margin that I have always been working with. In my old modelling scale of 1/35 I also used parts and models from 1/32. With careful selection and positioning of parts and models that doesn't have to detract from a realistic impression of a layout.

Leaving the subject of scale, the HY, like my other French cars (e.g. the Traction Avant and the Chenard & Walcker) has a character of its own as well as being an example of one of the most technical innovative vans of the last century and in an industrial design admired by many. The design is still popular and many HY's are today used as stylish food trucks. 

As recent as 29 June before the Grand Depart de Tour de France in Copenhagen I spotted several HYs serving as food trucks. Here is one of them: from Paridan serving ice creams, desserts and cakes.

The van was originally called H-type, and during the production run, a number of versions were produced, yet HY was by far the most popular. For this reason, most of these vans are referred to as HY, even if it is not always technically correct. The van had a flat floor very close to the ground, and 180 cm standing height. Loading was by a combination of an upward-hinged tailgate with lower double half-doors at the rear, or through a sliding door on the side. There were short and long wheelbase models, and choice of short or longer rear overhang. The HY was  produced from 1947 through 1981. Externally, only minor changes were implemented during the lifespan of HY – most notable were the changes of Citroën chevron logo on the grille and single piece windscreen from 1964.- If you read Danish I can recommend the article by my railway modelling fellow blogger on the Sundborg-blog.

The HY van has a special place in Danish history and culture as it features on several occasions in the movies about Olsen-banden (the Olsen gang). A HY van is used by the gang in several scenes in the movies and by the Danish police as well. The movies are probably not widely known in the English speaking world, but they were a massive succes in the communist DDR, probably due to their discrete critical characteristic of people in powerful positions and a clear sympathy toward the 'little man' in society. Some of the most devoted fans of the 'Olsen-bande' are actually Germans and just recently a German group that traveled on the heritage line I vounteer on had brought Danish flags with the writing 'Freiheit für Egon Olsen' (Freedom for Egon Olsen) on them.

Egon Olsen chasing a HY used by his gang in the movie 'Olsen-banden deruda' from 1977. Note the non-standard rear doors.

The HY van from 'Olsen-banden in Jutland' (with the correct rust patterns and yellow zinc chromate paint repairs) was even made available as a model in 1/87 scale from German manufacturer Busch. I can't expect such service in 1/19 scale!

Every Olsen-bande movie begins with a scene where Egon is released from prison (only 600 m from where I lived for 19 years with my parents). At every release from prison Egon has a new cunning plan: steal a huge sum of money or something valuable, usually from an absurdly rich capitalist organisation with a touch of Germanic or über-European look to it. Egon Olsen's criminal trio always gets itself into unlucky, comical situations when executing Egon's genius plans. In every movie the gang fails and Egon goes to jail, only to get released in the beginning of the next movie and try again and again for 13 movies in a row.

With opening doors and nice representations of the simple seats the Solido HY will fit many scenes on Nystrup Gravel. Don't expect my van to end up looking like a van from the Olsen-bane movies!

Tuesday, 2 August 2022

France, Forts and a Forest Railway

Not much new to communicate from my modelling activities due to my summer vacation. At the start of the vacation I managed to get started on the wooden relief building that is being built on a core structure from foam board clad in wood. I'm almost ready to start staining the coffee stirrers that will make up the cladding after having finished the foam board work. 

Having not been vacationing abroad for several years due to the corona virus, this year I have been touring northeastern France visiting forts in the Maginot Line. I have a soft spot for fortifications and the Maginot Line has long been on the list of attractions I had to visit. I tried to visit the fortress of Hackenberg i 2013. 9 years later I got over the defensive ditch and through the armoured doors!

The guided tour of Ouvrage du Hackenberg includes travelling the 600 mm gauge, 600 V fortress line. Here with SW electric locomotive no. 2.

All major galleries are equipped with tracks. The railway in the Hackenberg fort transported munitions, food and general supplies to the crew of 1100 men.

I also visited the Ouvrage du Simserhof. Here is the munitions and supplies entrance protected by 3,5 m of concrete, two armed steel cupolas and four casemate mounted guns. Placed in a narrow valley, the lighting wasn't the best at the time of my visit. The wagons are (from left): Decauville bogie, Pechot-wagon and Decauville-wagon. All of French Army design.

While the concrete structures of the Maginot Line were the main attractions on my trip to France, the Chemin de Fer Forestiere Abreschviller had been a tempting railway for many years. With a gauge of 700 mm (the same as on 'my' vintage line in Denmark) it is built with a rather seldom seen gauge outside Denmark and the Netherlands. With a a little route planning I managed to fit in a visit to Abreschviller as well.

Abreschviller loco no. 3 (Coferna 27517/1953) shunting the railway's 'orient express wagon' built by a group of young apprentices at a nearby technical school. I wouldn't hesitate to call it a masterpiece on narrow gauge!

I visited the railway on a hot summer day. I came early as I like to sneak about to see if I can find volunteers/employees to talk to. I wasn't succesful and soon other guests started to arrive. So many in fact, that the train of 4 carriages and the orient express carriage was quite overwhelmed. It's good to see that the line is well known and the number of passengers must provide a welcome income for the line after two covid-years. 

Loco 3 resting in front of the shed. Barely visible in the right track is Heilbron 476/1906 looking like it had been recently operated.

Behind the large diesel was Jung 10120/1944. By recent photos this looks like the railways regularly used steam locomotive. 

The railway's two charming railcars. The cabriolet was built by the forest railway in 1925 on the basis of a Renault NN car. The railcar in the background was also built by the railway for transport of workers to and from the forest. It holds 12 passengers and was built in 1930 around a Hotchkiss-engine. To the left the end of a HF50B-locomotive built by Gmeinder is just visible.

With all carriages well filled the train took off and began to climb into the hills surrounding Abreschviller town. Some of the gradients sounded as if they severely challenged the diesel locomotive's Perkins engine. The line twist and turn around rock formations, over streams and between gardens and hedges. The terminus 'Grand Soldat' is fitted with a single loop and placed on a gradient. All carriages are fitted with air brakes.

Even before the loco runs around its train at 'Grand Soldat' the first passengers scramble for their seats in the carriages. 

The line follow the contours of the landscape, giving frequent views to the locomotive from the rear carriages.

I can recommend a visit to the railway that is charming and with an interesting collection of rolling stock. More information can be found on the web site of the railway.

Wednesday, 13 July 2022

From a Newspaper

From my stash of old newspaper clippings and documents from the Nystrup Gravel archive I have dug out a photo completly detached from any information. It has been cut from a newspaper or a document printed on the same kind of low quality paper. The picture is stained (with coffee?) in the lower half and has a tear in the upper right corner. This kind of image is often a major challenge to identify and locate - in geography as well as in time. This one was easy, however!

Even without original caption or any other information it is easy for me to locate this image as being from the Nystrup Gravel loading ramp at the company's facilities in Nystrup. The Lister loco was a rare bird (in fact the only one) on Danish rails and the loading ramp is a dead give away with its flimsy walkway. The image is most likely from the beginning of the 1950's.

The Lister was a chance investment at a time when it was extremely difficult to obtain new locomotives in Denmark due to import restrictions and a general post-world war disruption of normal production and trade. The loco was never intended to be used for hauling gravel trains, but rather for light shunting and small permanent way trains. That left the more powerful locomotives, like the Fowler, to do what they did best.

Wednesday, 6 July 2022

Fowler History

The Fowler at Nystrup Gravel was a rather seldom seen locomotive from a foreign manufacturer in Denmark. Only three other Fowlers are known in Denmark. Apart from the chance sale of the loco to Nystrup Gravel in 1934, Fowler only succeeded in selling a six coupled 700 mm gauge loco to a sugar factory in 1948 and two standard gauge shunters in 1952 to a railway in northern Jutland.

My 1/19 model of the Fowler F 30 is carefully being shunted toward the workshop by the Lister while workshop manager Thorleif Petersen watches the operation (as usual with a cup of coffee in his left hand).

The Fowler at Nystrup was most likely originally meant for a customer in the tropics using Imperial measurements. Fowler had a good business selling locos, wagons and track for sugar plantations in the Pacific area. The gauge on the loco was in fact 2 feet (610 mm) while Nystrup Gravel used 600 mm gauge. The Fowler was consequently slightly 'over gauged'. There is no indication from archive scources that the loco ever derailed more than any of the company's other locos. 

The Nystrup Gravel management was aware that the gauge potentially could cause problems and had consulting engineers deliver a short analysis of the consequenses.  The consultants concluded that the difference in gauge didn't matter considering the track's condition.

The Fowler loco was instrumental in the expansion of the gravel production at Nystrup and the primary locomotive for a number of years. It was out of service for most of the German occupation of Denmark 1940-1945 due to lack of spare parts and fuel. As soon as parts were available again it was back in service, being in use at least until 1963 according to surviving maintenance records.

Illustration from a Fowler catalogue showing a 6 wheeled loco of the same type delivered to the Danish 700 mm gauge beet lines in 1948.

The Fowler's arrival at Nystrup Gravel was big news in the rural area and received mention in a newspaper article dated 17. January 1934. The visiting press was invited for a ride and one journalist wrote: "The cab allows a flow of fresh air and provides a great view for the driver, something the workers will no doubt appreciate during shunting”. Obviously the journalist hadn't much experience of loco driving in the cold Danish climate. Only on warm summer days did the drivers appreciate the cab designed for much warmer climates. Most of the year they were freezing despite trying to close the cab with a variety of tarpaulins and wooden boards. 

Photo of a Fowler F 30 in service at an Australian sugar cane mill. Many of the loco's features are identical to the Nystrup Gravel loco, reinforcing the theory that Nystrup aquired a loco ordered by an Australian customer. The open cab was well suited to the hot Australian climate, but didn't go down well with the Danish weather.

Friday, 1 July 2022

Photographic Backdrop Installed

Back in March I invested in some flood lights to enhance my indoor photography of the layout. At that time I also found one of my photo backdrops from my 1:35 scale modelling days. It worked fine as an interim background for a small part of the layout. As a permanent solution it wasn't good enough, thoug. The print I had was too small (only 90 x30 cm) and the image used for the print had too low a resolution to allow it to be enlarged to obtain a decent size of print.

The new background fitted behind the Nystrup Gravel layout. The depth of the layout at this location is a mere 40 cm.

To at least do something about the situation I chose to plagiarize and copy a photo uploaded to the internet by a fellow Danish railway modeller, Benjamin Asmussen. On his modelling blog he described how he used photographs to create backdrops for model photography. Being generous he had several large files available for downloading. One of them seemed to fit my purpose relatively well. It may not be perfect, but as a stop gap measure and an experiment it will be much better than what I have myself at the moment. And isn't railway modelling also about steady improvement? Once I have found a perfect piece of Danish landscape and photographed it to a decent standard, I can always order a new large format print and switch backdrop.

My interim use of an old print from my 1/35 scale modelling days wasn't a viable solution. Far too short, but with a height of only 30 cm also considerably too low for the much larger 1/19 models.

After I downloaded Benjamin's image I ran it through a photo editing programme and edited away all the birds (I suspected them to look like unrealistic spots in the sky) and two signs in the distant background. None of the objects I removed would probably be noticed by anyone, but once I had spotted them they would invariably stick out like a sore thumb in my eyes.

The Benjamin Asmussen-background gives a rather good impression of depth and space. Recently fitted ground cover in the foreground also helps.

Even seen lengthwise the background helps considerably in avoiding the layout looking plunked haphazardly against a naked wall. With grass the sharp border between background and layout will be toned down. 

I had the background printed by an online printing service. I used Pixum that has websites in all major European languages. Any printing service will probably offer similar products, but I have used Pixum before and am happy with their quality. I chose a print with a matt surface to avoid most of the reflections from the backdrop which can be annoying in photographs. With a size of 90 x 270 cm the print isn't sufficiently long to act as a backdrop for the complete layout, but as said it's a stop gap measure. Should I choose to make it a permanent solution I can always order a print fitting as an extension. 

The complete layout with a 90 cm high backdrop fitted around the corner. In the future an addition will be fitted. Perhaps with a more agricultural looking photo more in line with what was actually behind the Nystrup facility.

Monday, 27 June 2022

Fowler Arriving at Nystrup

The early narrow gauge diesel locomotives by John Fowler of Leeds have always fascinated me. Back when I modelled in 1:35 scale I was proud to have a Fowler diesel loco for pulling heavy trains from the gravel pits. Having changed scale and sold the loco I have been missing having a Fowler in the house. Now I have a Fowler locomotive on the layout again! 

Having just arrived from the United Kingdom the new locomotive is getting a lot of attention from the employees at Nystrup Gravel.

The loco is a Fowler F 30 in 1/19 scale built by Essel Engineering in Llanidloes, Wales. I ordered the loco in mid 2020 and while the delivery date has probably been challenged by both Covid-19, Brexit and I don't know what, I have had no problems with the production time. This is a working hand built model locomotive constructed from the wheels up with minimal use of prefinished parts. Basically a craftsman's work. It's bound to take some time. On the other hand shipping and customs took only 2 weeks which is the fastest time from the United Kingdom to Denmark I have experienced since Brexit.

The new Fowler has pushed four skips up the loading ramp. A useful locomotive!

While I enjoy building models, I haven't all the time in the world to build nor the talent for every task. Considering how much needs to be scratch or kit built in 1:19 scale it's a luxury to be able to get a loco that is ready to run directly from the box. And yes, Nystrup Gravel is an utterly loss producing activity with not much money to spare. Fortunately the supporting structure behind the company isn't doing too bad financially.

A charming train of skips pulled by a good looking locomotive.

The locomotive is dimensionally a good match to the pictures available, and although I have no drawings to match the model's accuracy I feel it works out as a decent model of a Fowler F 30. The level of detail is mixed. Rivets on cab sides are clearly marked and well made. The prominent rivet and bolt detail on the loco's frame is missing as is most of the raised detail on the bonnet and gearbox cover. On the bonnet's top is 3 filler caps (diesel, water and sand) made from unpainted turned brass. The exhaust pipe is used for controlling the loco's speed. By turning it you decide if the loco is going faster or slower along the track.

A major detraction from the model's good looks is the huge battery box protuding into the cab. Add two toggle switches and a charging socket and we're hardly talking fine scale narrow gauge anymore.

Viewed from behind through the open rear plate, switches and socket are in full view.

The loco weighs 1650 g and is powered by an electric motor fed by a substantial battery pack. The motor drives the rear axle via bevel gears. The solid coupling rods takes power to the front axle and the final drive axle. The loco was delivered with a battery charger, although fitted with a UK pattern mains socket.

The Fowler was Nystrup Gravel's most powerful locomotive for many years. Yet the engine looks quite small in this view from the eastern end of the yard.

I have only test run the loco on manual control battery power as delivered. It runs smoothly and the speed control via the exhaust pipe is easier and more responsive than I imagined. I consider the investment in the loco a succes that will serve Nystrup Gravel faithfully for a long time. In the coming months I will be adding a little detail to the model, instal working lights and fitting RC. I also hope to change the battery pack to something that will fit in a more realistic cab setting. Over time I will also fit some of the modifications done by Nystrup Gravel. Numbering will of course also be added according to Nystrup Gravel practise.

Obviously the news of the arrival of a new locomotive spread to railway enthusiasts. Here is one taking a picture of the Fowler. The sun is shining so there's light enough for the simple optic in the enthusiast's box camera. 


Friday, 24 June 2022

Test Building

For regular readers with a good memory it's no secret that I plan to fit a small relief building in a corner of my 16 mm scale layout. The building is planned to serve several purposes. First it represents part (a very small part, I know) of the Nystrup Gravel sorting and gravel handling facilities. Second it helps hide the corner and provide an illusion of the track continuing beyond the layout's edge. Third it adds an important vertical aspect to the layout, something a future backscene will also contribute to. 

Cardboard mock up of the building set up for evaluating size, roof slope and the dimensions of the opening for trains. The current opening will accept my Lister and future Pedershaab locomotives, but will have to be signficantly enlarged to accomodate the Fowler and Baguley-Drewry.  

The prototype Nystrup Gravel company had a number of buildings in the usual cheap industrial designs of the early to mid 20. century. When the times were good and the future looked prosperous, the company dared to invest in brick buildings. Consequently most buildings were wooden constructions on low concrete foundations.

Buildings housing crushing and sorting equipment at the Smedeby gravel industry in the early 20. century. In my eyes a very charming little facility with great modelling appeal even in the larger scales. Photo: Bov Lokalarkiv B6585

Through the years I have visited many industrial facilities and picked up inspiration for modelling. In fact exploration of old industrial facilities have long been a favourite hobby of mine in addition to railways, construction equipment, tractors and military technology etc. 

I explored the old and disused Holbæk shipyard in 2010 and was glad to see a wide range of wooden buildings. Some of the buildings have now been restored and put to new use, but have of course lost the derelict charm.

For the moment I'm going to play around with my piece of cardboard, adapting it to locos and track to decide on a final design for the building. A finished relief building isn't a first priority, but once I decide how it's going to look I'm sure I'll get it started quite quick.

Wednesday, 22 June 2022

Old Colourized Image

These days several websites offer the possibility to upload a black and white image, klick a button and download a colourized image. Often not very realistic or well done, but quite fun after all. In the bad old days colour images were usually obtained by colouring a black and white image. The colourizing was done by humans (usually women) in a process that required a lot of care.. The quality could be quite good, but very few images were made this way as the price was high. In Denmark I have seen the proces predominantly used for colourizing aerial photographs of farms to be displayed in the property's living room.

A hand colourized photograph of a small farm on the Danish island Bornholm. Photo: Bornholmske bondegårde.

I tried colourizing a digital image myself. As the image was in colour, I first had to make it black and white. I then uploaded it, the computer did its thing and I'm now in possession of the image below. There are several free online services where you can colourize a digital image. The quality is mixed and sometimes the same website gives you one good image and an awfull one. I guess it depends on original image and on the artificial intelligence-system that the site employ to 'guess' the colours of the b/w image.
Next to the line east of Nystrup. The image looks suitably hand colourized and faded. Definately one of the better attempts.

I used the colourizing service

Thursday, 16 June 2022

Loading Ramp #6

The loading ramp is finished. Well, as if anything ever get's finished on a model railway! Of course I will be able to add more details, extra plants and more of the small finishing touches that will make the ramp area really good looking. For now I'll call it finished.

Not a lorry in sight! Everything else is ready to enable a load of high quality Nystrup gravel to be transported to a construction site.

While a very simple structure, the ramp took a considerable time to finish. Not least because 1/19 scale is still a new scale to me. Getting the feel if a board is the right size for 16 mm scale or too flimsy hasn't quite become habit. Simple or not, the ramp nevertheless contains no less than 234 major parts (I'm not counting the small plastic bolt heads!).

Here the track is almost finished and two skips help me adjust the protective fencing to avoid it interfering with the tipping process. The workers' platform is growing.

As the prototype, my loading ramp is a very simple structure. The Nystrup Gravel lorry loading ramp basically consists of a lot of coffee stirrers, rocket sticks, wooden sticks of different lengths and dimensions. Most of the parts have been (mis)treated with sanding sticks, knife and steel brush to get an aged look. All parts were then given one or more layers of grey water based wood staining fluid. Once dry some of the  boards were given a patchy cover of red acrylic paint to resemble reused boards from a torn company shed. All wooden parts were joined with standard white glue.

Once the ramp, including sleepers were in place, I cut and prepared the Peco Code 143 rails. The track was built as standard track with spikes and soldered fishplates. After a test run with locomotive and skips, I could finally declare all trackwork on the layout for built and working.

Fishplates soldered in place. Painting the rails can now continue.

With the track finished, painted and working, I built the workers' platform next to the track. The platform gave the workers a relatively stabile, spacious and safe working environment for their work tipping the skips. By constantly checking clearances with my two types of skips, I hope not to experience any operating difficulties in the future.

As an interim solution I used a metal clip to avoid trains accidentally falling over the ramp's end. Here the walkway is under construction.

To allow the gravel to easily transit from skips to lorry, the loading ramp is fitted with a slide overhanging one side of the ramp. The construction of the slide on the prototype seems to have been a simple slanted wooden platform clad with steel sheeting. With the limited height on my ramp there isn't much room for a slide. Nevertheless I added a short slide made from wood dressed with some copper foil I had in a drawer. I added subtle height differences under the cladding to underline the primitive construction. 

The slide in progress. One half fitted with copper cladding, the other half still in naked wood. The edges have been stained light grey to avoid unrealistic natural wood showing through.

Completely copper clad. Ready for primer.

The slide is primed, painted and weathered.I used several grey colours that was air brushed thinly over the primer. Light earth paint was applied in corners and crevices. The large areas were rubbed with graphite powder.

Weathering of the ramp was accomplished in stages as some parts of the ramp would be inaccesible if I had left all weathering jobs until the whole structure was finished. Most of the weathering consisted of applying wear on the wooden walkway, rust around the few steel parts and a general covering of dust of horizontal surfaces. Regarding painting of the rails on the ramp, they got the usual cover of '113 Rust' from Humbrol's acrylic range. I also used some new waethering products from Green Stuff World on the rails - more about that later.

Not really a part of the ramp, I took the opportunity of using some of scrap wood parts to reinforce the gravel and dirt road surface immidiately below the ramp with heavy wooden planks. This is one area where a lot of work is still required.

A closer look at the ramp from the road side. I'm glad I got the vegetation in place before building the ramp's upper part. It would have been impossible to fix grass and plants with track and slide in place.

The loading ramp seen from the works side. It's obviously that the ramp was erected from whatever was at hand. Countless dimensions and boards from old sheds can be seen in the construction.

The lorry loading ramp has been an enjoyable task. I'm glad to have it finished (even though I have already found a few spots that could need a little more work) and will now give my worktable a good clean up. There are pieces of wood and sawdust everywhere and that has to go before the next project arrives.

Thursday, 9 June 2022

Vegetation From New Source

I have used both natural and artificial products for vegetation during 20 years of large scale railway modelling. I have had good experience with German products from Heki, but as I began modelling in 1/19 scale almost all the regular landscaping materials from the traditional railway modelling manufacturers seemed far too small. I have now tried a new supplier and look forward to properly test the products. One of them could easily be tested. See below.

The greenery contained in my package from Spain. I also had some tools, weathering powders and paints sent up north to test.  

Spanish Green Stuff World supplies a wide range of materials primarily targeted to Warhammer-modellers. Apart from some bizarre colours and weird names for some of the products, I got the impression that several items could perform well in 16 mm scale. I was particularly glad that I could have tufts with a grass height of 12 mm. More height than is usually found in tufts from other companies.

Two 12 mm tufts and one 6 mm tuft installed near the track. Properly bedded in, they will no doubt look good.

After having fitted a few tufts in 12 and 6 mm versions, I must conclude that the height written on the packs may be just a tiny bit exaggerated as not all 12 mm tufts could be measured to 12 mm height over terrain. The 6 mm tufts measured out quite close to 6 mm in height. Aside from the variation in height (to the low side, unfortunately) the tufts are well worth their price. For longer tufts I may have to experiment with homemade ones.

Some tufts will be installed around the loading ramp and other products from Green Stuff World will also be used near the ramp. I'm looking forward to develop the area further soon.